IMPORTANT: Dream analysis can be traumatic. This is not a medical site. If you suspect you have a medical problem or serious emotional disturbance you should consult your doctor.
Theories of Dreams
Freud Page 1 (Freud Page 2)
The Interpretation of DreamsSigmund Freud was born in 1856 in what is now the Czech Republic. He began studying as a doctor then specialised in psychiatry. In 1896 Freud coined the term psychoanalysis to refer to the study of mental - as opposed to physical - causes of psychiatric disorder. He is thus known as the father of psychoanalysis ("the talking cure").
Much of Freud's work is today considered dated or suspect, however there is no denying the influence he has had on modern psychology and personality theory. Even those who reject Freud's theories will usually accept that he has had some influence on the evolution of their own approach.
One of Freud's main themes was the amount of activity that goes on in our minds without our awareness. This resulted in his proposing the now famous model of Ego, SuperEgo, ID.
Freud was fully aware of the importance of dreams and described them as the "royal road" to understanding the unconscious. His most famous work was The Interpretation of Dreams, first published in 1899. His name will be forever associated with what happens in bed!
What Do Dreams Mean?
Wish FulfilmentAccording to Freud, dreams are spyholes into our unconscious. Fears, desires and emotions that we are usually unaware of make themselves known through dreams. To Freud dreams were fundamentally about wish-fulfillment. Even "negative" dreams (punishment dreams and other anxiety dreams) are a form of wish-fulfilment; the wish being that certain events do not occur. Very often such dreams are interpreted as a warning.
Freud believed that although our dreams contain these important messages, they are encoded - disguised. The unconscious mind doesn't speak any verbal language therefore it must communicate with us via symbols. Some of these symbols are near-universal, others very personal to us and our individual life experiences.